Сочинение на тему: junc fun

Leisure Time. Hobbies, устная тема по английскому языку с переводом. Топик.

What do old and young do in their leisure time ? What do young people in different countries prefer to do ?

Leisure is time spent in non-compulsory activities. Because leisure time is free from compulsory activities such as work, study, household duties, eating and sleeping, it is often referred to as 'free time'. The ideas of leisure and leisure time are thought to have emerged in the late 19th century with the rise of mechanized industry, when the increase in productivity of labour resulted in the fact that workers had some time to spend on themselves.

They started doing sports and visiting theatres. Since then the idea of leisure time and relaxation has been popular with all the age groups and social classes. Old and young, rich and poor have been using their free time for rest and entertainment. The ways people spend their leisure time normally differ according to the age group: middle-aged and old people normally prefer more passive kind of rest like watching TV or going to the theatre, or sometimes gardening, younger people enjoy more active pastimes like doing extreme sports, visiting night clubs and discos or travelling. However, the idea of active leisure like doing sports or travelling is gaining popularity with the older people, too.

So the basic leisure time activities of the young are travelling, doing sports including extreme sports, visiting discos and night clubs or more passive ways of recreation like listening to music or watching TV and videos, and surfing the Internet. Teenagers normally prefer to do extreme sports, that is sports featuring speed, height and danger as they lead to the so-called 'adrenaline rush9 in participants. They wish to push themselves to the limits of their physical ability and fear, and push the boundaries of a particular sport, such as bungee jumping, climbing, white-water rafting, surfing, windsurfing and many others. Their tastes in music are normally different kinds of popular music associated with youth subcultures, such as hard rock, hip-hop or rap, punk rock, psychedelic rock and the like. In watching TV and videos or going to the cinema, they prefer film genres which are full of action, movement, colour, cinema effects and have a good soundtrack. They normally like action films, comedies, musicals, thrillers and cartoons.

Sometimes the ways young people spend their free time varies according to the country, as they sometimes depend on national traditions. For example, in the USA young people normally like different types of popular culture which originated in their country like blues, different kinds of rock, country music and hip hop in music and pop art in fine arts. The sports they are doing are more often than not those which originated in America like baseball, auto-racing, basketball, and board-based recreational sports — surfboarding, skateboarding and snowboarding. American youngsters are fond of eating out and eat a lot of junk food like hambuigers and cheeseburgers and drink Coca-cola or Pepsi. British youngsters are really fond of watching football matches and sorts of races such as horse-racing, boat-racing and even dog-racing, as well as playing football, rugby and golf and taking part in races. They are really fond of pets and often spend some time in the evening taking their dog for a walk. In going out for the evening, they still prefer pubs to restaurants, bars and cafes. In music, their tastes are nearly the same as those of their American peers. In Germany young people prefer drinking beer when meeting their friends and spending much time doing various sports. In Spain many youngsters, as well as older people, are fond of watching bullfighting. In France they like listening to French chanson.

What do you like doing in your free time?

As for me, I prefer to spend my free time doing three things: doing swimming, pursuing my hobby which is collecting rare books, or listening to music in which I prefer jazz and classical music. Doing sports (I have been doing swimming since I was 7) helps me keep fit and be always in high spirits, as well as build up stamina and get tempered. The first reason why I collect books is that I am really keen on reading: Books open to me a whole world of events and people. The second one is that collecting rare books is getting to know history better. Reading a book is getting information about the period it describes, feeling its atmosphere and getting to know historical figures of the period.

I enjoy listening to music, as music helps me relax and relieve stress. When I listen to music, classical, jazz, rap or any other type of music I enjoy, I forget about the troubles of everyday life; music provides an escape from everyday problems. Stress melts away as I am taken in by the beauty of the music. It can help me feel calm and deeply relaxed. Secondly, music affects my emotions. Each type of music sets distinct mood and changes mine. Whether I am feeling sad, frustrated or confused, I listen to merry or tender music, and my mood shifts. I can't say I prefer to listen to some definite kind of music all the time. The choice of music I listen to depends on my state of mind and mood. I can tell you what kind of music I prefer to listen to when I feel depressed, and it is jazz. The first reason why I do it is that jazz music usually has a powerful rhythm, so it is a kind of music that fills you with energy and strength. Secondly, it provides a brilliant combination of instrumental tunes and voice, which creates unforgettable harmony. Jazz immediately carries me away from my troubles, fills me with hope and joy, even though its tunes are often sad. I enjoy listening to classical music, too, Firstly, I like it for the complexity of the musical harmony it offers. Modern popular music, such as pop or rock is much more primitive in melody. Secondly, the emotions classical music evokes are much stronger and deeper; they carry me away to the time when the piece of music I am listening to was composed.

A thing we do in our free time for recreation and pleasure is called a hobby. Hobbies are practiced for interest and enjoyment, rather than for money. What are hobbies for some people are professions for others: a game tester may enjoy cooking as a hobby, while a professional chef might enjoy playing computer games. Generally speaking, the person who does something for fun, not remuneration, is called an amateur (or hobbyist), as distinct from a professional. Engaging in a hobby can lead to acquiring substantial skill, knowledge, and experience. A lot of celestial bodies and events have been discovered by amateur astronomers. However, the aim of a hobby is pleasure and personal fulfillment.

While some hobbies strike many people as trivial or boring, hobbyists find something entertaining about them. In fact, anything can be a hobby, from collecting stamps and board games to doing extreme sports and making model airplanes.

Перевод текста: Leisure Time. Hobbies

Что делает старый, и молодой делают в их досуг? Что делает молодые люди в различных странах предпочитают делать?

Они начали делать спортивные состязания и посещать театры. С тех пор идея досуга и расслабления нравилась всем возрастным группам и социальным классам. Старый и молодой, богатый и бедный использовали их свободное время для отдыха и развлечения. Путями люди проводят свой досуг, обычно отличаются согласно возрастной группе: и старики средних лет обычно предпочитают более пассивный вид отдыха как смотрение телевизор или движение к театру, или иногда озеленение, младшие люди наслаждаются более активными времяпрепровождениями как выполнение чрезвычайных спортивных состязаний, посещение ночных клубов и дискотек или путешествия. Однако, идея активного досуга как выполнение спортивных состязаний или путешествие получает популярность со старшими людьми, также.

Таким образом основные действия досуга молодёжи едут, делая спортивные состязания включая чрезвычайные спортивные состязания, посещая дискотеки и ночные клубы или более пассивные пути отдыха как слушание музыки или смотрение телевизор и видео, и серфинг Интернет. Подростки обычно предпочитают делать чрезвычайные спортивные состязания, который является спортивной скоростью показа, высотой и опасностью, поскольку они приводят к так называемому 'адреналину rush9 в участниках. Они желают выдвинуть себя к пределам их физической способности и страха, и выдвинуть границы специфического спорта, такие как скачок пружинного устройства, восхождение, спуск на плотах белой воды, серфинг, виндсерфинг и многие другие. Их вкусы в музыке обычно - различные виды популярной музыки, связанной с молодежными субкультурами, такими как хард-рок, хип-хоп или рэп, панк-рок, психоделический рок и т.п.. В смотрении телевизор и видео или движении к кино, они предпочитают жанры фильма, которые полны действия, движения, цвета, эффектов кино и имеют хорошую музыку из кинофильма. Им обычно нравятся боевики, комедии, musicals, триллеры и мультфильмы.

Иногда способы, которыми молодые люди проводят свое свободное время, изменяются согласно стране, поскольку они иногда зависят от национальных традиций. Например, в молодых людях США обычно как различные типы массовой культуры, которая произошла в их стране как блюз, различные виды скалы, музыки кантри и хип-хопа в музыке и искусства популярности в искусствах. Спортивные состязания, которые они делают, чаще чем не те, которые произошли в Америке как бейсбол, автогонки, баскетбол, и основанные на правлении региональные спортивные состязания - surfboarding, катание на роликовой доске и snowboarding. Американская молодежь любит хождение куда-нибудь поесть и ест много нездоровой пищи как hambuigers и чизбургеры и пьет Кока-колу или Пепси. Британская молодежь действительно любит наблюдение футбольных матчей и видов гонок, таких как скачки, гонки лодки и даже гонки собаки, так же как игра футбола, регби и гольфа и принятия участия в гонках. Они действительно любят домашних животных и часто проводят некоторое время вечером, беря их собаку на прогулке. В том, чтобы выходить в течение вечера они все еще предпочитают пабы ресторанам, барам и кафе. В музыке их вкусы - почти то же самое как таковые из их американских пэров. В Германии молодые люди предпочитают пить пиво, встречая их друзей и проводя много времени, делая различные спортивные состязания. В Испании много молодежи, так же как старших людей, любят наблюдение боя быков. Во Франции им нравится слушать французскую песню.

Что делает Вам нравится делать в Ваше свободное время?

Я люблю слушать музыку, поскольку музыка помогает мне расслабить и уменьшить напряжение. Когда я слушаю музыку, классическую, джаз, рэп или любой другой тип музыки, я наслаждаюсь, я забываю о проблемах повседневной жизни; музыка обеспечивает побег из каждодневных проблем. Напряжение тает, поскольку я принят красотой музыки. Это может помочь мне чувствовать себя спокойным и глубоко смягченным. Во-вторых, музыка затрагивает мои эмоции. Каждый тип музыки устанавливает отличное настроение и изменяет месторождение. Ли мне грустно, расстроенный или запутанный, я слушаю веселую или нежную музыку, и мои изменения настроения. Я не могу сказать, что я предпочитаю слушать некоторый определенный вид музыки все время. Выбор музыки, которую я слушаю, зависит от моего настроения и настроения. Я могу сказать Вам, какую музыку я предпочитаю слушать, когда я чувствую себя подавленным, и это - джаз. Первая причина, почему я делаю это, состоит в том, что у джазовой музыки обычно есть сильный ритм, таким образом это - своего рода музыка, которая наполняет Вас энергией и силой. Во-вторых, это обеспечивает блестящую комбинацию инструментальных мелодий и голоса, который создает незабываемую гармонию. Джаз немедленно уносит меня от моих проблем, наполняет меня надеждой и радостью, даже при том, что ее мелодии часто грустны. Я люблю слушать классическую музыку, также, Во-первых, мне нравится она за сложность музыкальной гармонии, которую она предлагает. Современная популярная музыка, такая как популярность или скала намного более примитивна в мелодии. Во-вторых, классическая музыка эмоций вызывает, намного более сильны и более глубоки; они уносят меня ко времени, когда музыкальная пьеса, которую я слушаю, была составлена.

Вещь, которую мы делаем в наше свободное время для отдыха и удовольствия, называют хобби. Хобби осуществлены для интереса и удовольствия, а не за деньги. Что является хобби для некоторых людей, профессии для других: тестер игры может любить готовить как хобби, в то время как профессиональный повар мог бы любить играть в компьютерные игры. Вообще говоря, человека, который делает кое-что для забавы, не вознаграждения, называют любителем (или человек, увлечённый своим хобби), в отличие от профессионала. Привлечение в хобби может привести к приобретению существенного навыка, знания, и опыта. Много астрономических тел и событий было обнаружено любительскими астрономами. Однако, цель хобби - удовольствие и личное выполнение.

В то время как некоторые хобби кажутся многим людям, тривиальным или скучным, люди, увлечённые своим хобби находят кое-что развлекающее о них. Фактически, что-нибудь может быть хобби, от сбора печатей и настольных игр к выполнению чрезвычайных спортивных состязаний и созданию образцовых самолетов.

1. 100 тем английского устного (Каверина В., Бойко В., Жидких Н.) 2002

2. Английский язык для школьников и поступающих в ВУЗы. Устный экзамен. Топики. Тексты для чтения. Экзаменационные вопросы. (Цветкова И. В., Клепальченко И.А., Мыльцева Н.А.)

3. English, 120 Topics. Английский язык, 120 разговорных тем. (Сергеев С.П.)

Все устные топики по теме "О себе (семья, школа, хобби, друзья)"


Эссе (сочинение) на английском

В данном разделе находятся готовые образцы эссе (сочинений) на английском языке, предназначенные, прежде всего, для тех, кто сдает экзамен по данному языку. Также вы найдете описание всех правил написания качественного эссе (сочинения), узнаете важные нюансы и тонкости всего процесса.

Уметь писать эссе (сочинение) на английском языке – это чрезвычайно важное и сложное умение. Здесь в полной мере проявляется ваше знание английского языка – богатство и разнообразие лексического запаса, а также виртуозное владение грамматическими структурами.

Сегодня умению писать эссе (сочинение) придается большое значение, так как оно является важной составляющей частью экзаменов по английскому языку, в частности ЕГЭ. Часто одно слово, оборот или структурный элемент эссе (сочинения) может решить судьбу участника экзамена.

В данном разделе вы сможете найти чрезвычайно полезное руководство к тому, как вообще написать классное эссе (сочинение), которое может принести вам максимальное количество баллов. Следуя предложенным рекомендациям, ваше эссе (сочинение) будет выглядеть очень достойно.

Кроме самоучителя, вы сможете прочесть статью о том, как обычно эксперты проверяют эссе (сочинение) на английском языке, на какие критерии опираются и на что обращают внимание.

Ну и, наконец, вашему вниманию предлагается ряд образцовых эссе (сочинений), которые обязательно помогут вам научиться писать свои собственные.

If you go to school or university, you are faced with a number of exams. Basically, these exams are supposed to test your knowledge and skills. Also, they may motivate you to study harder.

There are many ways to loose weight, and following a diet is one of the most popular ones. But is being on a diet the best strategy to grow thin?

Nowadays, more and more people neglect books and prefer watching their film versions. The question is whether it is a positive tendency or not.

New technologies are developing at high speed these days, and their development is unstoppable. One of the most influential technologies is the Internet penetrating into every aspect of people’s life and endangering their real-life social skills.

All members of our society can be divided into two categories – leaders and ordinary members. Their functions, levels of responsibility and rewards are different. While leaders usually have high standards of living, ordinary people do with limited amenities of life.

At school children are supposed to learn many subjects. Most of them are compulsory, that is why boys and girls often make a stand against them and say they want to choose subjects on their own.

Technological progress has caused an argument about education. The thing is that some people believe that distant learning is better, and other people stick to the point that going to school is the only way to get good education.

Nowadays more and more people go in for extreme sports like skateboarding, base jumping, parachute jumping, mountaineering and others. They believe that extreme sports help to build character.

Nowadays there is a great variety of literary writings varying in genre, volume, conceptual meaning, and so on. Some of them are recognized as good and worth reading without fail. But the question is how people manage to grade books and select good ones.

Nowadays the virtual world is gradually becoming an essential part of our life. On the Internet, there are a lot of photos and video presentations of different countries and cities so that you do not need to go and see them with your own eyes.

Life is not fixed, and our living conditions are constantly changing. The question is whether they are changing for the better or the worse.

If you want to be a successful person, you have to get a good education abroad or in this country. What option is the best?

Public libraries are supposed to store paper books and lend them to everyone who wants to borrow them. But modern technologies allow you to get a book you need without going to libraries.

Everyone wants to be successful in his or her occupation. The question is what the person needs more – discipline or talent.

If you want to be a successful person, you have to get a good education abroad or in this country. What option is the best?

All people in the world want to be successful. Most of them are convinced that success means much money.

It is always fun to visit a zoo. Both children and grown-ups like to watch different animals: mammals, reptiles and others. The problem is that not every city and every town has a zoo.

Fast food is a fast-growing industry including thousands of restaurants and cafes throughout the country. It may seem that fast food is killing national culinary traditions.

Friendship is one of the greatest phenomena of people’s life. The true friend is always ready to help and support us in any situation. Is it possible to have many true friends?

Choosing a profession is a great problem because its solution affects almost every aspects of a person’s future life. To be on the safe side, many young people follow in their parents’ footsteps. Are they right or not?

Learning foreign languages is becoming more and more popular nowadays. A number of language schools and teachers is constantly growing up. But there are some people think that learning foreign languages is a waste of time and money.

The computer is one of the greatest inventions of all times. It helps us to work, relax, and study. Computer technologies are widely used in education by both teachers and pupils. It is believed that computers help them to be more effective.

Love is a nice feeling that is the reason of durable family ties. If two persons love each other they are much more likely to reach mutual understanding and overcome difficulties of life.

Nowadays, almost every home has access to the Internet. We use the Internet for various purposes: gaining necessary information, taking part in communities, and even making money.

Nowadays, there’s a tendency for active young people to leave rural areas for towns and cities. That is the reason why the population of the villages is thinning down now.

Family is a basic constituent of any nation. The well-being of the nation depends on the well-being of each family. A lot of factors make a family happy, and children are among of them. But how many children does a family need to be perfectly happy?

Industrial development plays a large role in prosperity of any country. I doubt whether the country could do without leading industries, such as: heavy and light industry, power engineering, extractive industry, heavy engineering, chemical industry, etc.

Nice shape, great stamina, bulging muscles are the dreams of most people. These dreams may come true thanks to sport.

You can hardly find a person who never heard about global fast food chains, such as McDonald’s, Subways, Burger King and so on. Nowadays, fast food industry is one of the most flourishing businesses all over the world.

Nowadays, being an interpreter is one of the most prestigious occupations. A lot of young people dream of becoming an interpreter, that’s why they study foreign languages very actively. Many of them achieve a good level of competence.

Many high school students take a gap year before entering university. This is a year in which they usually travel abroad and see the world to broaden their horizons. However, some people believe it’s better for them to go straight to university.

There are many benefits to playing both team and individual sports. Apart from getting some exercise and improving your physical abilities, you can learn about your strengths and weakness and feel great about your accomplishments on the track or field. However, some people believe that team sports help develop a person’s character better.

These days, people use technology to do many things. They use computers at work, mobile phones for communication, and television to watch programmes. These devices are useful, but have people become too dependent on them?

Whenever you visit a supermarket, there is always a huge selection of soft drinks. These drinks are popular because they’re full of sugar, which makes them taste great. It’s become a problem for some people who have gained weight from drinking them. So, should governments limit the size of the containers these drinks are sold in?

More and more people are working from home rather than in an office. It has become easier to work at home because your work can be done on a computer and emailed into the office. But is this good for productivity?

In an effort to improve our food supply, scientists have discovered ways to genetically modify food so that it grows faster and is less susceptible to disease. But should the production and sale of genetically-modified food be banned?

Going to the cinema is a popular pastime that nearly everyone loves doing. It seems that every week, a dozen new films are released, and filmgoers are curious about which ones are worth seeing. Should filmgoers rely on reviews when choosing a film to see?

Our world has become very competitive, and many parents want to do their best to prepare their children for success in life. Do parents push their children too hard when they’re young, taking away a happy childhood in the process?

It is a teacher’s job to assess students’ performance in class. They must mark students’ work and give them feedback on their progress. Should students also be allowed to assess their teachers on their performance?

Getting a job takes a lot of effort, as you have to prepare yourself to answer a lot of questions about your skills and your history. You also have to look your best at the interview. Should you always wear a business suit to an interview?

Внимание, только СЕГОДНЯ!
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